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COMMON TYPES OF LEARNING DISABILITIES

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Has your child recently been diagnosed with a learning disability? Did you immediately begin to worry about how he or she will cope with school? It’s only natural to want the best for your child but academic success, while important, isn’t the end goal. What you really want for your child is a happy and fulfilling life. With encouragement and the right support, your child can build a strong sense of self-confidence and a solid foundation for lifelong success.

  • A learning disability is not a problem with intelligence or motivation. Kids with learning disabilities aren’t lazy or dumb. Most are just as smart as everyone else. Their brains are simply wired differently. This difference affects how they receive and process information. Children and adults with learning disabilities see, hear, and understand things differently. This can lead to trouble with learning new information and skills, and putting them to use. The most common types of learning disabilities involve problems with reading, writing, math, reasoning, listening, and speaking.
  • Kids with learning disabilities need to be taught in ways that are tailored to their unique learning styles. Learning about disabilities in general, and your child’s learning difficulties in particular, can help pave the way for success at school and beyond.

 

 

 

Common Types of Learning Disabilities

Dyslexia

Difficulty reading

Problems reading, writing, spelling, speaking

Dyscalculia

Difficulty with math

Problems doing math problems, understanding time, using money

Dysgraphia 

Difficulty with writing

Problems with handwriting, spelling, organizing ideas

Dyspraxia (Sensory Integration Disorder)

Difficulty with fine motor skills

Problems with hand–eye coordination, balance, manual dexterity

Dysphasia/Aphasia

Difficulty with language

Problems understanding spoken language, poor reading comprehension

Auditory Processing Disorder

Difficulty hearing differences between sounds

Problems with reading, comprehension, language

Visual Processing Disorder

Difficulty interpreting visual information

Problems with reading, math, maps, charts, symbols, pic

 

 

Other disorders that make learning difficult are:
Difficulty in school doesn’t always stem from a learning disability. Anxiety, depression, stressful events, emotional trauma, and other conditions affecting concentration make learning more of a challenge. In addition, ADHD and autism sometimes co-occur or are confused with learning disabilities.

 

  • ADHD – Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), while not considered a learning disability, can certainly disrupt learning. Children with ADHD often have problems sitting still, staying focused, following instructions, staying organized, and completing homework.
  • Autism – Difficulty mastering certain academic skills can stem from pervasive developmental disorders such as autism and Asperger’s syndrome. Children with autism spectrum disorders may have trouble communicating, reading body language, learning basic skills, making friends, and making eye contact.
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